You can walk around Prague endlessly. But the first must-see spot is Old Town Square (Staroměstské náměstí). This is the very center of the city, where the Town Hall with an astronomical clock (Orloj) and a huge number of buildings in a variety of architectural styles are located. Baroque, Gothic, Renaissance, Rococo - you can admire everything! While you wander through the narrow old streets, be sure to drink hot wine or mead (€ 1.8) with a trdelnik - a Czech national dough roll sprinkled with sugar and cinnamon.
Go from the square to the Charles Bridge (Karlův most). It offers wonderful views of the Vltava river and Prague Castle, birds fly around. The length of the bridge is about half a kilometer, it starts from the Old Town Bridge Tower, and ends with the Malostransky Bridge Towers. The Charles Bridge is decorated with chic sculptures (there are 30 in total), invented in the 17th century.
We walk further! Immediately after the Charles Bridge, Malá Strana begins, a historic district that flows smoothly into Prague Castle. Keep your eyes open and enjoy the beauty and grandeur of buildings of different eras. Actually, Mala Strana lies at the foot of the hill, so you have to go up a bit all the time.
You won’t even notice how you end up in Prague Castle. Here you should definitely admire the panoramic view of the city (an excellent observation platform is located very close to the current residence of the Czech President), take a picture of the harsh guards and go through the residence to St. Vitus Cathedral - an incredible place in terms of strength and beauty. If you still have enough strength, you can go on a tour of the former Royal Palace (costs about € 15, up to 4 people in a group). Well, just wandering around and touching the history is also not forbidden.
Evening in Prague
I hope that the first day did not kill your legs, because I propose to start day two with Vyšehrad, especially if you didn’t get there the night before. This is another fortress and historical district located on a hill above the Vltava. I recommend you to go here in the morning, and walk for an hour or two.
After (or instead of) Vysehrad, you can go to the Zizkov Television Tower (Mahlerovy sady, 1), which regularly falls into the tops of the most beautiful and ugliest buildings in Europe. A cool view of the city is provided from the upper floors - most importantly, there is no entrance fee.
Next, I propose to go to the zoo. The entrance ticket costs about € 7.3. Important: before you go there, check the working hours - for example, in late autumn, it is open only until 4 p.m. The aviary with penguins is especially recommended - they walk in an extremely businesslike way and fall into the water with a splash.
Eat & Sleep
You can easily find cheap accommodation in Prague using Booking or Airbnb. The only thing you should pay attention to when choosing a hotel is its location. Prague is divided into 22 administrative districts, the search area should be limited to the first ten.
If you want to avoid tourist crowds, you should also exclude Prague 1 and 2, where the main attractions are located. Choose one of the following locations: Vinohrady and Žižkov (Prague 3), Anděl (Prague 5) Holešovice and Letná(Prague 7), Karlin (Prague 8).
As for food, I recommend choosing small family cafes and street food. First off, it's cheap. Secondly, in large tourist restaurants, you will not experience the true taste of Czech cuisine.
Street food & Snacks. There are many spots in Prague that sell unbelievably tasty local food. Add these to your bucket list: Bistro & Obchod no. 19 (Karoliny Světlé 19), Žižkovská Štrúdlárna (Jeseniova 29), Naše maso (Dlouhá 39), Ovocný Světozor.
Cafes & restaurants. For a hearty dinner or evening gatherings, I advise you to choose small cafes and restaurants. This way, you will be able to feel the real atmosphere of Prague, its leisurely evenings. And of course, do not forget to try the local beer! I bet you'll love it! One of my favorite spots is Café Montmartre (Řetězová 7). At the time of the First Republic, there was a bohemian cabaret, whose regulars were Franz Kafka and Yaroslav Hasek. Today it's worth a visit just to experience the real Prague genius loci. I also added some cool spots to the map below: